In the letter, the confessional leaders stated that Christians have freely carried out their religious services in Azerbaijan for centuries, lived based on their moral and cultural values without any barriers; Azerbaijan always paid attention to the communities and houses of worship. “As a result of a ballistic missile launched in direction of Ganja from the Armenian territory on October 11, 10 civilians were killed, including four women, over 30 were injured, dozens of civilian facilities and residential buildings were destroyed,” the letter said. “This poses a threat to peace and security in the region.”, “In the occupied territories, along with other religious structures, Christian churches and monuments were destroyed or changed to Armenia’s style,” the letter said. (Estimates include 96.9% Muslim, 93.4% (Berkley Center, 2012), 99.2% (Pew Research Center, 2009). ) 85% of Muslims in Azerbaijan are Shia Muslims while 15% are Sunni Muslims. It was an independent country from 1918 to 1920 before being incorporated into the Soviet Union. While around 97% of the population is Muslim, the Constitution of Azerbaijan does not declare an official religion and all major political forces in the country are secularist. The rest of the population adheres to other faiths or are non-religious, although they are not officially represented. In this regard, the letters were sent to the US Secretary of State, President of the Senate, Ambassador at Large of the US Department of State for International Religious Freedom, Speaker of the US House of Representatives, the heads of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party of the House of Representatives, members of the House of Representatives, the US Commission on International Religious Freedom, "In Defense of Christians" organization. Azerbaijan is a secular state that provides religious freedom. Among the Muslim majority, religious observance varies and Muslim identity tends to be based more on culture and ethnicity rather than religion. Azerbaijan is a developing country and ranks 87th on the Human Development Index. The heads of the Christian religious communities of Azerbaijan expressed the protest against the falsely characterized draft resolution #1165 in connection with the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, submitted to the US Congress on October 1, 2020, by Congresswoman Jackie Speier, the Azerbaijani State Committee for the Work with Religious Organizations told Trend. Capital Baku Population (2010) 9,190,000 Annual population growth rate (2000-2010) 1.3% Population gain (2000-2010) 1,077,000 GDP per capita $5,016 (US) Literacy Azerbaijan, country of eastern Transcaucasia. The Muslim population is approximately 85% Shi'a and 15% Sunni; differences traditionally … At the end of the letter, the heads of the Christian religious communities of Azerbaijan expressed confidence that draft resolution #1165 will not be adopted, stressing that its rejection will greatly contribute to the establishment of peace and justice in the world. #AZERBAIJAN CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES, Azerbaijani teenager killed in Armenian missile attack on Tartar city, Armenian forces shelling Azerbaijani settlements, Azerbaijan destroys Armenian strongholds, takes over important heights - MoD, Firing at Azerbaijani civilians by Armenia is flagrant breach of int’l law - UK Member of parliament, 'Smerch' missile launched by Armenia lands in private house garden in Azerbaijan (VIDEO), Information on alleged artillery shelling of Khankendi and Khojavend districts by Azerbaijan - not true, Chairperson, deputy chairperson of US - Educated Azerbaijani Alumni Association appeal to US Secretary of State, Chairman of US Educated Azerbaijani Alumni Association appeals to US Ambassador in Azerbaijan, Israel sends humanitarian aid to Azerbaijan, Turkey hopes for achieving success in Karabakh conflict settlement together with Russia - Erdogan.  Literacy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 99.8% Male: 99.9% Female: 99.7% (2010 census) Religious Beliefs In Azerbaijan Shia Islam. Islam 96.9% (predominantly Shia) Christian 3%; Other <0.1; Unaffiliated <0.1; Note: Religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower. While focusing on Armenia’s aggression against Azerbaijan, the heads of the Christian religious communities of Azerbaijan emphasized that the Armenian military units occupied the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan and seven adjacent districts, as a result of which more than one million Azerbaijanis, including Christians and adherents of other religions, became refugees and internally displaced people. “Particular attention was focused on the fact that during the military provocation initiated by the Armenian side on September 27, settlements located far from the conflict zone namely, Ganja, Mingachevir, Naftalan, Khizi, Absheron, Goranboy, Dashkesan, Tartar, Barda, Aghdam, Aghjabadi, Yevlakh, Fuzuli, and Beylagan, including historical and religious monuments, are subjected to regular artillery and missile attacks,” the letter said. “Four resolutions of the UN Security Council related to the conflict require the unconditional withdrawal of the Armenian armed forces from the occupied Azerbaijani lands,” the letter said. Its capital, Baku, lies on the Caspian Sea and has a predominantly Azeri population. Nearly 99% of the population of Azerbaijan is nominally Muslim. Religions. Islam is the most common religion with about 93% of the total population adhering to one of the two principal forms of Islam- Sunni and Shia. It declared its sovereignty in 1989 and received independence in 1991. “Armenia’s these actions were regarded as the violation of the norms and principles of international law, including international humanitarian law, as well as the Geneva Conventions of 1949,” the letter said. Azerbaijan Religion, Economy and Politics About 95% of the population is Muslim. Azerbaijan has the second highest Shia population percentage behind Iran. “Armenia has not fulfilled these resolutions for almost 30 years, purposefully disrupts negotiations while Azerbaijan pursues a peaceful policy and demonstrates a constructive position in the negotiations.”. Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a contiguous transcontinental presidential republic in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to … The heads of the Christian religious communities of Azerbaijan expressed the protest against the falsely characterized draft resolution #1165 in connection with the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, submitted to the US Congress on October 1, 2020, by Congresswoman Jackie Speier, the Azerbaijani State Committee for the Work with Religious Organizations told Trend. “On the contrary, over 30,000 Armenians continue to live in Azerbaijan, an Armenian church has been preserved in the center of Baku.”. Shia Islam is the leading religious belief with 80% of the country’s population adhering to the faith, making it the second largest Shia population in the world.