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Thus, in late 87 BC, Cinna was reinstated as consul and the armies reentered the city. Surprisingly he was then honored as a consul in AD 5 with the Emperor.[36]. He returned briefly in 78 BC to help in the rebellion of Lepidus, then again fled to Spain after the plot fell through. Rise to power; First consulship and exile; Preparations while in exile; Invasion and slaughter of Rome; Dominatio Cinnae Immediately after Cinna's election, Sulla made Cinna swear loyalty to him by taking a stone up to the Capitol and casting it down, "praying that, if he failed to preserve his goodwill for Sulla, he might be thrown out of Rome as the stone was thrown out of his hand". Geni requires JavaScript! Lucius Cornelius Cinna, (died 84 bc), leader of the Marian party in Rome who opposed Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Cinna was elected as Roman consul in 87 BC, but historians disagree about who supported his election and what his original political goals and causes were. Marius, according to the ancient historians, filled the city with blood, slaughtering anyone who remotely supported Sulla, had a lot of property, or was a personal enemy of Marius. [30] Cinna and his colleague, Carbo, prepared for war. The elder daughter, Cornelia Major, married Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, one of Cinna’s supporters. [2], Sulla seems to have supported Cinna as a compromise candidate, but clearly did not trust him, as seen from an anecdote from Plutarch. Omissions? He had praetorian rank in the Social War (91–88 BC), and had most likely also been praetor previous to this time. Christoph Bulst argues that Cinna was killed in “an absolutely un-political mutiny,” pointing out that there is no mention of specific opposition to Cinna, and that he did not even feel the need to travel with a bodyguard. The Cambridge Ancient History. Harold Bennett, Cinna and His Times: A Critical and Interpretive Study of Roman History During the Period 87–84 BC (Menasha, WI: The Collegiate Press, 1923), 1–5. Horace White (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1964).CI,64, Appian, The Civil Wars,Book I,139 (CI,75 and translator’s notes), "Lucius Cornelius Cinna: War against the State to Save the State @ Project Mosaic: Witness", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucius_Cornelius_Cinna&oldid=979961644, Roman consuls dying in year of consulship, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This feud ended in one of the largest street fights ever to occur in Rome, between the supporters of Octavius and the supporters of Cinna. In 85 BC, Cinna attempted to revive Sulpicius' bill to solidify the citizenship of the Italian groups, but it was not in practice quickly as the census the next year lists 463,000 citizens. This unit consisted of Marius’ slaves who killed at Marius’ orders. Cinna argued that the oath should not prevent him from helping the people of Rome. They postponed the elections of that year, declaring themselves re-elected so that they would not have to return to Rome early to participate in an election. Cinna was murdered in a mutiny of his own soldiers in 84 BC. He attempted to become a tyrant behind a veiled disguise of a republic under a strict constitution. He was able to return to Rome in 78 BC due to Lex Plautia, which extended an amnesty to all exiles of the civil war era. "Cinna (family)" . Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2002. The son of this Cinna was Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna Magnus, who was pardoned twice, once after his support for Marc Antony, then again later for conspiracy against the emperor Augustus. The son of this Cinna was Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna Magnus, who was pardoned twice, once after his support for Marc Antony, then again later for conspiracy against the emperor Augustus. He had been working to transport his troops across the Adriatic in order to meet Sulla on foreign soil. This unit consisted of Marius’ slaves who killed at Marius’ orders. Lucius Cornelius Cinna, leader of the Marian party in Rome who opposed Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Plutarch tells a slightly different story, stating that Pompey visited Cinna’s camp and escaped accused of doing some wrong. Cinna argued that the oath should not prevent him from helping the people of Rome. It is unlikely that this was contested because Cinna and his allies had enough power that no one dared to run in opposition to them. The Senate quickly began to vote to approve this, but before it finished, Marius had given up all pretense and entered the city with his bodyguard, the Bardyiae. Cinna was married to Annia, who was the daughter of Annius (unidentifiable). After finishing his war, Sulla returned to Italy. Various theories on who supported him and why are postulated based on what he did while in office, but all agree that Sulla was correct in his distrust. Cinna ordered an assembly in order to frighten the troops into obedience. [32], Cinna was murdered in a mutiny of his own soldiers in 84 BC. [19] These claims are most likely exaggerated, as they do not appear in Sulla’s memoirs, a source that would seem biased against Marius. Immediately after Cinna's election, Sulla made Cinna swear loyalty to him by taking a stone up to the Capitol and casting it down, "praying that, if he failed to preserve his goodwill for Sulla, he might be thrown out of Rome as the stone was thrown out of his hand". Vol IX. At this point, the connections between Marius and Cinna become quite clear. Menasha, WI: The Collegiate Press, 1923. Lucius Cornelius Cinna was important within Roman history. [5] This left only Octavius and the Senate to defend the causes of Sulla in Rome. Cinna, even before his election, seems to have favored this cause. When Sulla left Rome to fight Mithradates VI, king of Pontus, in the East, Cinna repealed Sulla’s laws and threatened him with prosecution. Michael Lovano, The Age of Cinna: Crucible of Late Republican Rome. These were members of Italian tribes who had been promised citizenship as a condition of peace in the Social War. [29] Sulla also sent a letter to the Senate regaling them of his victories over Mithridates and assuring them that he had received those exiled by Cinna and that he would provide swift retribution to those who were guilty of causing himself and the Senate to suffer. His connections with the Italian groups seem to have been quite strong, as they quickly joined his forces (although accusations of bribery abound among the ancient historians). Flaccus was disliked by his soldiers and many deserted to Sulla. Not much is known about Cinna before his bid for the consulship of 87 BC. He was able to return to Rome in 78 BC due to Lex Plautia, which extended an amnesty to all exiles of the civil war era. Eventually, “Cinna had had enough of murder”, and he and Quintus Sertorius, a general who supported Marius and later governed Spain, had their troops ambush the sleeping Bardyiae, ending their reign of terror. Octavius used the street fight, one of the largest to ever take place in the Forum, to justify exiling Cinna immediately, deposing him of his office and citizenship, an accusation that seems to have stuck with many historians, who accused Cinna of acting as a dictator. Their dissatisfaction increased when they heard that the second convoy of troops, still in transit, had been shipwrecked in a storm. Cinna and his colleague, Carbo, prepared for war. London: Penguin Books, 2005. In 85 BC, Cinna attempted to revive Sulpicius' bill to solidify the citizenship of the Italian groups, but it was not in practice quickly as the census the next year lists 463,000[26] citizens. Those that survived had returned to their homes. All seem to agree on a basic chain of events, however: Cinna was elected at a time when Sulla (the current consul) was very unpopular with the lower classes and the Latin allies, because he had sided with the Roman Senate, blocking the advancement of their rights as citizens. He had praetorian rank in the Social War (91–88 BC), and had most likely also been praetor previous to this time. All seem to agree on a basic chain of events, however. Flaccus was disliked by his soldiers and many deserted to Sulla. All seem to agree on a basic chain of events, however. His other daughter, Cornelia, married Julius Caesar around 84 BC and died in 69 BC after bearing a daughter Julia. One of his daughters married one of Cinna’s supporters named Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. All seem to agree on a basic chain of events, however. Edited and translate by Rex Warner. Although he was not as well documented as his contemporaries, Cinna was still an essential player in the fall of the system of the Roman Republic, ushering in a thinly veiled form of tyranny. After serving in the Social War (90–88), Cinna became consul in 87. Cinna’s daughter Cornelia married Julius Caesar. Flaccus’ major contribution was the submission of a bill attempting to solve a financial crisis. Not much is known about Cinna before his bid for the consulship of 87 BC. Seager, Robin, “Sulla,” in The Last Age of the Roman Empire. This is not a large enough increase from 115/114 BC, where the total was 394,336 to have included the Italians. Technically they had been given citizenship, but in such a way that they had no real power. He next appears with three legions recruited in Picenum, joining Sulla as an independent ally…, …Rome led to the consul Cinna being dismissed. As Cinna and Carbo doubled their efforts for war with the looming threat of Sulla, Cinna was unaware that it would not be battle, but his preparations for war which would cost him his life.

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