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turkmenistan language

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[24] In 1916, the Russian Empire's participation in World War I resonated in Turkmenistan, as an anticonscription revolt swept most of Russian Central Asia. According to the decree of the Peoples' Council of 14 August 2003,[57] electricity, natural gas, water and salt will be subsidized for citizens up to 2030. Ashgabat, the capital city of Turkmenistan, has the highest number of Russian speakers. Russian is still widely spoken in cities by 12% while Uzbek by 9% or 317,000, and other languages, including English, Balochi and Kurdishi, 7%. So, in 2004, Baimukhamet Kelov was removed from office by the Minister of road transport and highways Turkmenistan for embezzlement of public funds and deficiencies in the work.[91]. [24] In 1855 the Turkmen tribe of Teke led by Gowshut-Khan defeated the invading army of the Khan of Khiva Muhammad Amin Khan[25] and in 1861 the invading Persian army of Nasreddin-Shah[26]. Corruption watchdogs voiced particular concern over the management of Turkmenistan's currency reserves, most of which are held in off-budget funds such as the Foreign Exchange Reserve Fund in the Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt, according to a report released in April 2006 by London-based non-governmental organization Global Witness. The state also provides 250 liters (66 gallons) of water per day. Production leaped ahead with the discovery of the Kumdag field in 1948 and the Koturdepe field in 1959. [40], According to Human Rights Watch, "Turkmenistan remains one of the world’s most repressive countries. For the medieval confederation of Oghuz Turkic tribes in Western Asia, see, ("Turkmenistan is the motherland of Neutrality"), ("State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan"), List of international organization memberships, Restrictions on free and open communication. Originally written Arabic characters, Turkmen adopted the Russian Cyrillic alphabet during the Soviet period. Download alphabet charts for Turkmen(Excel) Hear the Turkmen alphabet: Source: Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. [92] Air transport carries more than two thousand passengers daily in the country. They were in Group E. They were eliminated by Oman. In the 2nd half of the 19th century, northern Turkmens were the main military and political power in the Khanate of Khiva[27][28]. Between 1989 and 2001 the number of Turkmen in Turkmenistan doubled (from 2.5 to 4.9 million), while the number of Russians dropped by two-thirds (from 334,000 to slightly over 100,000). Государственный комитет Туркменистана по статистике : Информация о Туркменистане : Resolution of Khalk Maslahati (Peoples' Council of Turkmenistan) N 35 (14 August 2003), Vakulchuk, Roman and Indra Overland (2019) “, Herrmann, Duane L. (Fall 1994) "Houses As perfect As Is Possible", Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni, first attempt to conquer the Akhal area of Turkmenistan, parliamentary elections of December 2004 and January 2005, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Turkmenistani minister gives speech on corruption problems, Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, List of countries by natural gas proven reserves,, Turkmen President celebrates Independence Day, "Turkmen parliament places Year 2020 under national motto "Turkmenistan – Homeland of Neutrality" – tpetroleum",,, "State Historical and Cultural Park "Ancient Merv, "LOST CITIES #5: HOW THE MAGNIFICENT CITY OF MERV WAS RAZED – AND NEVER RECOVERED", "BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2019", "Turkmen ruler ends free power, gas, water – World News", "Kerry reassures Afghanistan's neighbors over U.S. troop drawdown", "Asia-Pacific – Turkmenistan suspends death penalty", Constitutional Law of Turkmenistan on independence and the fundamentals of the state organisation of Turkmenistan, Ведомости Меджлиса Туркменистана", № 15, page 152, Independence of Turkmenia Declared After a Referendum, "Серахское сражение 1855 года (Историко-культурное наследие Туркменистана)", "Campaigning on the Oxus, and the fall of Khiva", "О положении дел в Аму Дарьинском бассейне", "Ахалтекинские экспедиции (Историко-культурное наследие Туркменистана)", "Comments for the significant earthquake", "Turkmenistan president wins election with 96.9% of vote", "A/RES/50/80. [12] In medieval times, Merv was also one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. In 2014, the unemployment rate was estimated to be 11%. It was adopted as Turkmenistan’s official language in 1991 with the new constitution at the time of independence. The change was made specifically to remove any Soviet linguistic overlay in the country. [citation needed], At 488,100 km2 (188,500 sq mi), Turkmenistan is the world's 52nd-largest country. [24] In 2002 an alleged assassination attempt against Niyazov led to a new wave of security restrictions, dismissals of government officials, and restrictions placed on the media. The second party, the Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs was established in August 2012. [24] Oghuz groups in the service of the empire played an important role in the spreading of Turkic culture when they migrated westward into present-day Azerbaijan and eastern Turkey.[24]. Russian is the second most popular language spoken in Turkmenistan, especially in cities and towns. [24] China was among a very few nations to whom Turkmenistan made significant overtures. 50.1 °C (122 °F) is the highest temperature recorded at Repetek Reserve, recognized as the highest temperature ever recorded in the whole former Soviet Union. [24] The sixteenth and eighteenth centuries saw a series of splits and confederations among the nomadic Turkmen tribes, who remained staunchly independent and inspired fear in their neighbors. making the country the world's ninth-largest cotton producer. The task for modern Turkmen architecture is diverse application of modern aesthetics, the search for an architect's own artistic style and inclusion of the existing historico-cultural environment. Reformulation of communal identity around such figures accounts for one of the highly localized developments of Islamic practice in Turkmenistan.[75]. They are Altyn asyr, Yashlyk, Miras, Turkmenistan (in 7 languages), Türkmen Owazy, Turkmen sporty and Ashgabat. Turkmenistan has diplomatic relations with 139 countries. Maintenance of international security", "Turkmenistan: Russian Students Targeted", "Alternative report on the Human Rights situation in Turkmenistan for the Universal Periodic Review", "Turkmenistan: International Religious Freedom Report 2004", "Turkmenistan 2015/2016: Freedom of religion", "One Year of Unjust Imprisonment in Turkmenistan", "Forum 18: TURKMENISTAN: Torture and jail for one 4 year and 14 short-term prisoners of conscience – 21 May 2015", "LGBT relationships are illegal in 74 countries, research finds", "Satellite dishes banned in Turkmenistan", "Strategic Infrastructure Planning for Sustainable Development in Turkmenistan", "Turkmenistan leader wants to end free power, gas, and water", "Turkmen gas field to be world's second-largest", "Turkmenistan. It lies between latitudes 35° and 43° N, and longitudes 52° and 67° E. [24] Although Turkmenistan was ill-prepared for independence and then-communist leader Saparmurat Niyazov preferred to preserve the Soviet Union, in October 1991, the fragmentation of that entity forced him to call a national referendum that approved independence. [4] According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, 93.1% of Turkmenistan's population is Muslim. Chagatai, along with the kichak language, finds its influence  on the spken Turkmen, which was largely developed on the basis of Turkic dialects.

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